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文字検査関数

2016/06/09

Arduino公式リファレンスより抜粋しました。
すべての関数は true または false を返します。

isAlphaNumeric(thisChar)  : Analyse if a char is alphanumeric.

isAlpha(thisChar) : Analyse if a char is is alpha.

isAscii(thisChar) :Analyse if a char is ASCII.

isWhitespace(thisChar):Analyse if a char is a white space.

isControl(thisChar) :Analyse if a char is a control character.

isDigit(thisChar):Analyse if a char is a digit.

isGraph(thisChar):Analyse if a char is a printable character.

isLowerCase(thisChar):Analyse if a char is a lower case character.

isPrintable(thisChar):Analyse if a char is a printable character.

isPunct(thisChar):Analyse if a char is punctuation character.

isSpace(thisChar):Analyse if a char is a space character.

isUpperCase(thisChar):Analyse if a char is an upper case character.

isHexadecimalDigit(thisChar):Analyse if a char is a valid hexadecimal digit.
●Example from Arduino Web Site

/*
  Character analysis operators

 Examples using the character analysis operators.
 Send any byte and the sketch will tell you about it.

 created 29 Nov 2010
 modified 2 Apr 2012
 by Tom Igoe

 This example code is in the public domain.
 */

void setup() {
  // Open serial communications and wait for port to open:
  Serial.begin(9600);
  while (!Serial) {
    ; // wait for serial port to connect. Needed for native USB port only
  }

  // send an intro:
  Serial.println("send any byte and I'll tell you everything I can about it");
  Serial.println();
}

void loop() {
  // get any incoming bytes:
  if (Serial.available() > 0) {
    int thisChar = Serial.read();

    // say what was sent:
    Serial.print("You sent me: '");
    Serial.write(thisChar);
    Serial.print("'  ASCII Value: ");
    Serial.println(thisChar);

    // analyze what was sent:
    if (isAlphaNumeric(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's alphanumeric");
    }
    if (isAlpha(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's alphabetic");
    }
    if (isAscii(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's ASCII");
    }
    if (isWhitespace(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's whitespace");
    }
    if (isControl(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's a control character");
    }
    if (isDigit(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's a numeric digit");
    }
    if (isGraph(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's a printable character that's not whitespace");
    }
    if (isLowerCase(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's lower case");
    }
    if (isPrintable(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's printable");
    }
    if (isPunct(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's punctuation");
    }
    if (isSpace(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's a space character");
    }
    if (isUpperCase(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's upper case");
    }
    if (isHexadecimalDigit(thisChar)) {
      Serial.println("it's a valid hexadecimaldigit (i.e. 0 - 9, a - F, or A - F)");
    }

    // add some space and ask for another byte:
    Serial.println();
    Serial.println("Give me another byte:");
    Serial.println();
  }
}

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